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Introduction to HTMLfor beginner
HTML is a markup language that defines the structure of your content. HTML consists of a series of elements, which you use to enclose, or wrap, different parts of the content to make it appear a certain way, or act a certain way. The enclosing tags can make a word or image hyperlink to somewhere else, can italicize words, can make the font bigger or smaller, and so on. HTML (stands for Hypertext Markup Language) is a computer language that makes up most web pages and online applications. A hypertext is a text that is used to reference other pieces of text, while a markup language is a series of markings that tells web servers the style and structure of a document. HTML is not considered a programming language as it can’t create dynamic functionality. Instead, with HTML, web users can create and structure sections, read more html tips and trick paragraphs, and links using elements, tags, and attributes.
Here are some of the most common uses for HTML:
Web development. Developers use HTML code to design how a browser displays web page elements, such as text, hyperlinks, and media files.
Internet navigation. Users can easily navigate and insert links between related pages and websites as HTML is heavily used to embed hyperlinks.
Web documentation. HTML makes it possible to organize and format documents, similarly to Microsoft Word.
It’s also worth noting that HTML is now considered an official web standard. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) maintains and develops HTML specifications, along with providing regular updates.
At its heart, HTML is a fairly simple language made up of elements, which can be applied to pieces of text to give them different meaning in a document (Is it a paragraph? Is it a bulleted list? Is it part of a table?), structure a document into logical sections (Does it have a header? Three columns of content? A navigation menu?), and embed content such as images and videos into a page. This module will introduce the first two of these and introduce fundamental concepts and syntax you need to know to understand HTML. u may like how to create we site
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HTML was created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991 but was not released officially, published in 1995 as HTML 2.0. HTML 4.01 was published in late 1999 and was a major version of HTML. HTML is a very evolving markup language and has evolved with various versions updating. check out cool thins you can do with jus html
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) uses a markup system composed of elements which represent specific
content. Markup means that with HTML you declare what is presented to a viewer, not how it is presented. Visual
representations are defined by Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and realized by browsers. Still existing elements that
allow for such, like e.g. font, “are entirely obsolete, and must not be used by authors”.
HTML is sometimes called a programming language but it has no logic, so is a markup language. HTML tags
provide semantic meaning and machine-readability to the content in the page.
An element usually consists of an opening tag (<element_name>), a closing tag (</element_name>), which contain the
element’s name surrounded by angle brackets, and the content in between:
There are some HTML elements that don’t have a closing tag or any contents. These are called void elements. Void
elements include <img>, <meta>, <link> and <input>.
Element names can be thought of as descriptive keywords for the content they contain, such as video, audio,
A HTML page may consist of potentially hundreds of elements which are then read by a web browser, interpreted
and rendered into human readable or audible content on the screen.
For this document it is important to note the difference between elements and tags:
Elements: video, audio, table, footer
Tags: <video>, <audio>, <table>, <footer>, </html>, </body>
Let’s break down a tag…
The <p> tag represents a common paragraph.
Elements commonly have an opening tag and a closing tag. The opening tag contains the element’s name in angle
brackets (<p>). The closing tag is identical to the opening tag with the addition of a forward slash (/) between the
opening bracket and the element’s name (</p>).
Content can then go between these two tags: <p>This is a simple paragraph.</p>.
Creating a simple page with HTML
The following HTML example creates a simple “Hello World” web page.
HTML files can be created using any text editor. The files must be saved with a .html or .htm extension in order check this post website design guidelines and tips
to be recognized as HTML files.
Once created, this file can be opened in any web browser.
<p>This is a simple paragraph.</p>
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How to run HTML program – Notepad,
If you are wondering or having trouble while running HTML program in your Browser then you are at the Right Place. Because in this tutorial we will know how to Run HTML program using popular texts editors like Notepad, Notepad++ and Sublime 3 text editors.
Text Editors like Notepad (not notepad++) does not come with an option where you can run your HTML program directly using Notepad. To run the HTML program you will need to follow these steps: Step 1: Save HTML File (with .html extension Example : myfile.html).
Step 2: Find your Saved HTML file
Step 3: Double click on it.
Tags used and there meaning
These are the tags used in the example:
Defines the HTML version used in the document. In this case it is HTML5.
See the doctypes topic for more information.
Opens the page. No markup should come after the closing tag (</html>). The lang attribute declares
the primary language of the page using the ISO language codes (en for English).
See the Content Language topic for more information.
Opens the head section, which does not appear in the main browser window but mainly contains
information about the HTML document, called metadata. It can also contain imports from external
stylesheets and scripts. The closing tag is </head>.
Gives the browser some metadata about the document. The charset attribute declares the character
encoding. Modern HTML documents should always use UTF-8, even though it is not a requirement. In
HTML, the <meta> tag does not require a closing tag.
See the Meta topic for more information.
The title of the page. Text written between this opening and the closing tag (</title>) will be
displayed on the tab of the page or in the title bar of the browser.
Opens the part of the document displayed to users, i.e. all the visible or audible content of a page. No
content should be added after the closing tag </body>
A level 1 heading for the page.
See headings for more information.
<p> Represents a common paragraph of text.
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